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|Decentralization and development in thailand|
Law - General|
|Summary||The purpose of this study is to examine the factors affecting the implementation of decentralization policies in Thailand. The basic working hypothesis is that successful implementation of decentralization policies is attributed to four sets of factors: environmental conditions, inter-organizational relationships, resources for program implementation, and characteristics of implementing agencies.|
The units of analysis in this study are agencies that are responsible for the planning and implementation of the Provincial DevelopmentPlan. These include regional administrative agencies as well as local governments.
Information was gathered by means of questionnaires, in-depth interviews and documentary research. The Logit Model was used to calculate and analyze the data drawn from 146 respondents.
Conclusions drawn from the study indicated that there is a significant relationship between successful implementation decentralization policies and programs and the four sets of variables. The findings also indicate that there is no relationship between successful implementation and political structure and quality of agency leadership. Another important conclusion is that the non-existence of such relationships is due to the existing Thai administrative structure that is highly centralized.
The study recommends that efforts should be made for more decentralized decision making, in order to achieve effective and optimal resource utilization/allocation and timely corrective measures and plan revisions, all leading to self-governance, self-reliance, and local takeover.
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